Beijing is the capital of the People's Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world. It is China's second largest city by urban population after Shanghai and boasts of good infrastructure by way of the national highway, expressway, railway and high-speed rail network. Beijing's Capital International Airport is the second busiest in the world by passenger traffic.
The city is renowned for its opulent palaces, temples, and huge stone walls and gates. Its art treasures and universities have long made it a centre of culture and art in China. The city is well known for its flatness and regular construction. There are only three hills to be found in the city limits (in Jingshan Park to the north of the famous Forbidden City). Like the configuration of the Forbidden City, Beijing has concentric "ring roads", which are actually rectangular, that go around the metropolis.
The some important places to see in Beijing are
- Forbidden City (The Imperial Palace)
- Tiananmen Square
- Great Wall at Badaling, Juyongguan, Mutianyu, Simatai and Jinshanling
- Summer Palace (Yiheyuan)
- Temple of Heaven (Tiantan)
- Ming Tombs (13 tombs in Mng’s Dynasty)
- Lama Temple Yonghegong
- National Grand Theatre
The city has a rich and ancient culture and therefore is a home to number of festivals and events. Like people in any other part of China, people of Beijing celebrate festivals and events with great fun and fervor. Spring festival, Lantern festival - ends the Chinese New Year season, mid-autumn festival - held around the final harvest of the year, international kite festival, dragon boat festival - held after one of the harvests of the year is completed, Tomb-Sweeping Day - day to pay respect to the deceased and comes between spring plowing and summer weeding, are some of the important Beijing festivals and events.